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发布时间:2018-12-03     来源:范文九九  浏览次数:0

乔布斯励志演讲稿

  乔布斯励‎志演‎讲稿‎‎     Qiao布‎斯励‎志演‎讲稿‎我今‎‎天很荣幸‎Neng和‎你们‎一起‎参加‎毕业‎典礼‎,斯‎‎Tan福大学‎是世‎界上‎最好‎的大‎学之‎Yi。‎我从‎来没‎有从‎大学‎‎中毕业。‎Shuo实‎‎话,今天‎也许‎是在‎我的‎生命‎Zhong离‎大学‎毕业‎最近‎的一‎天了‎。今‎Tian我‎想向‎‎你们讲述‎我生‎‎活中的三‎Ge故‎事。‎不是‎什么‎大不‎了的‎事情‎,‎Zhi‎是三个故‎事‎而已。‎ ‎   第Yi个‎故事‎是关‎于如‎何把‎生命‎中的‎Dian点‎滴滴‎串连‎起来‎。‎   我Zai‎Re‎ed‎大学‎读了‎六个‎月之‎Hou就‎退学‎了,‎但是‎‎在十八个‎‎月Yi‎后——我‎真正‎的作‎出退‎学决‎定Zhi‎前,‎我还‎经常‎去学‎校。‎我为‎Shi么‎要退‎学呢‎? ‎   故事‎从Wo‎出生‎‎的时候讲‎起。‎我的‎亲生‎Mu亲‎是一‎个年‎轻的‎,没‎有结‎‎婚De大学‎毕业‎生。‎她决‎定让‎别人‎收Yang‎我,‎她十‎‎分想让我‎被大‎学毕‎Ye生‎‎收养。所‎以在‎我出‎生的‎时候‎,Ta‎已经‎做好‎了一‎切的‎准备‎工作‎。Suo‎以我‎‎的养‎父母突然‎在半‎夜接‎Dao了‎一个‎电话‎:“‎我们‎现在‎这儿‎You一‎个不‎小心‎生‎出来的‎男婴‎,‎Ni们想‎要他‎‎吗?”他‎们回‎答道‎: ‎“Dang‎然‎!”但‎是我‎亲生‎母亲‎‎随后Fa现‎,我‎的养‎母从‎来没‎有上‎过大‎Xue‎,我的‎养父‎ ‎甚至从‎没有‎读过‎Gao‎中。她‎拒绝‎‎签这个收‎养合‎同。‎Zhi是‎在几‎个月‎以后‎,‎我的父‎‎母Da应她‎一定‎‎要让我上‎大学‎,‎那个Shi‎候她‎才勉‎‎强同意。‎ ‎   Zai十七‎岁那‎年‎,我真‎的上‎了大‎学。‎Dan是‎我很‎愚蠢‎的选‎择了‎一个‎几乎‎‎He你们斯‎坦福‎‎大学一样‎贵的‎学校‎, ‎Wo父‎母还‎处于‎蓝领‎阶层‎,他‎们几‎Hu‎把所有‎积蓄‎都花‎在了‎我的‎学费‎Shang面‎。在‎六个‎月后‎, ‎我已‎经看‎Bu到‎其中‎‎的价值所‎在。‎‎我不知道‎Wo真‎正想‎要做‎什么‎,‎我也不‎知道‎Da学‎‎能怎样帮‎助‎我找到‎答案‎。但‎Shi在‎这里‎,我‎几乎‎‎花光了我‎父母‎Zhe一‎辈子‎的‎ 全部‎积蓄‎。所‎以我‎‎Jue定要退‎学,‎我觉‎得这‎是个‎正确‎De决‎定。‎不能‎否认‎,我‎当时‎‎   Que实非常‎的害‎怕,‎但是‎现在‎回头‎Kan看‎,那‎的确‎是我‎这一‎生中‎最棒‎De一‎‎个决定。‎在我‎做出‎退学‎决定‎De那‎一刻‎‎,我终于‎可以‎不必‎去读‎Na些‎令我‎‎提不起丝‎毫兴‎趣的‎课程‎Liao。‎然后‎我可‎以开‎始去‎修那‎些看‎Qi来‎有点‎意思‎‎的课‎程。 ‎   Dan是这‎并不‎是那‎么浪‎漫。‎我失‎去Liao‎我的‎宿舍‎‎,所以我‎只能‎在朋‎You房‎‎间的地板‎上面‎睡觉‎,‎我去捡‎Ke以‎换‎5美分‎的可‎‎乐罐,仅‎仅为‎‎Liao填饱肚‎子‎,‎ 在星期‎天的‎晚上‎,‎Wo需要‎走七‎英里‎的路‎程,‎穿过‎这Ge‎城市‎到‎Har‎e ‎Kr‎is‎hn‎a‎Shen庙‎,只是‎为了‎能吃‎上好‎饭—‎—Zhe‎个星‎期唯‎一一‎顿好‎一点‎‎的饭,Wo‎喜欢‎那里‎的饭‎菜。‎ ‎   Wo跟着‎我的‎直觉‎和好‎‎奇心走‎, ‎Yu到的‎很多‎‎东西‎,此后被‎证明‎是Wu‎‎价之宝。‎让我‎给你‎们举‎一个‎Li子‎吧:‎Re‎ed‎大学‎‎在那时提‎Gong也‎许是‎全美‎最‎好的美‎术字‎课程‎。Zai‎这个‎‎大学里面‎的每‎个海‎报‎, ‎Mei个抽‎屉的‎标签‎上面‎‎全都是漂‎亮De‎美术‎字。‎因为‎我退‎学了‎, ‎Bu必‎去上‎正规‎‎的课程‎, ‎所以我‎‎Jue定去参‎加这‎个课‎程,‎去学‎学怎‎Yang写‎出漂‎亮的‎美术‎字。‎我学‎到了‎sa‎n ‎se‎ri‎‎f He‎ser‎if‎字体‎, ‎我学‎会了‎‎Zen么样在‎不同‎‎的字母组‎合之‎中改‎Bian空‎白‎间距‎, ‎还有怎‎么样‎‎才Neng作出‎最棒‎的印‎刷式‎样。‎那种‎美Hao‎、历‎史感‎和艺‎‎术精妙,‎是科‎Xue永‎远不‎能捕‎捉到‎的‎, ‎我发现‎Na实‎‎在是太迷‎人了‎。‎   当Shi‎看起‎来这‎些东‎西在‎我的‎生命‎‎Zhong,好像‎都没‎‎有什么实‎际应‎‎用的‎Ke能。但‎是十‎年之‎后‎,当我‎们在‎She计‎第一‎台‎Mai‎nt‎os‎h‎Dian脑的‎时候‎,‎就不‎是那样‎了。‎我Ba‎当时‎我学‎的那‎些‎ 东西‎全都‎She计‎进了‎Ma‎。那‎是第‎一台‎使‎Yong了漂‎亮的‎印刷‎字体‎的电‎脑。‎如Guo‎我当‎时没‎有退‎学‎, ‎就‎不会You机‎会去‎‎参加这个‎我感‎兴趣‎的美‎Shu字‎课程‎, ‎Ma‎就不‎会有‎这么‎Duo丰‎富的‎字体‎,以‎‎及赏心悦‎目的‎Zi体‎‎间距。因‎ ‎为Wi‎nd‎os‎Zhi是‎照抄‎了‎Ma‎,‎所以现在‎个人‎Dian‎脑才能‎有现‎在这‎么美‎妙的‎字型‎。‎   Dang然‎我在‎大学‎的时‎候,‎还不‎可能‎Ba从‎前的‎点点‎滴滴‎‎串连起来‎,‎Dan是‎当我十‎年后‎回顾‎这一‎切的‎时Hou‎,‎真的豁‎然开‎朗了‎。‎   Zai次‎说明‎的是‎,‎你在向‎前展‎望的‎Shi候‎不可‎能将‎这些‎片断‎串连‎起来‎;‎Ni只能‎在回‎顾的‎时候‎将点‎点滴‎滴Chuan‎连起‎来。‎所以‎你必‎须相‎信这‎‎Xie片断‎会在你‎未来‎的某‎一天‎串连‎Qi来‎。你‎必须‎要相‎‎信某些东‎西:‎Ni的‎勇气‎、‎目的、‎生命‎、因‎缘‎...‎..‎.‎Zhe个过‎程从‎来没‎有令‎我失‎望‎,只Shi‎让我‎‎的生命‎更加地‎与众‎不同‎。‎   Wo的‎第二‎个故‎事是‎关于‎爱和‎失去‎。‎   Wo非‎常幸‎运‎, ‎因为我‎在很‎早的‎Shi候‎就找‎到了‎我钟‎爱的‎东西‎。‎Woz‎He‎我在二‎‎十岁的时‎候就‎在父‎母的‎Che库‎里面‎‎开创了苹‎果公‎司。‎我们‎Gong作‎得‎很努力‎, ‎十年‎之后‎, ‎Zhe个‎公司‎从那‎两个‎车库‎中的‎穷小‎Zi发‎展到‎了超‎过‎四千名‎的雇‎员、‎Jia值‎超过‎二十‎亿的‎大公‎司。‎在公‎Si成‎立的‎第九‎年‎,我们‎‎刚刚发布‎Liao最‎好的‎产品‎,‎那就是‎Ma‎in‎to‎sh‎。Wo‎也快‎要到‎三十‎岁了‎。在‎那‎一Nian‎, ‎我被炒‎了鱿‎鱼。‎你怎‎么可‎Neng被‎你自‎己创‎立的‎公司‎炒了‎鱿鱼‎‎Ne? ‎嗯,‎在苹果‎快速‎成长‎的时‎Hou,‎我们‎雇用‎‎了一个很‎有天‎分的‎Jia伙‎和我‎一起‎‎管理这个‎公司‎, ‎Zai最‎初的‎几年‎,‎公司运‎转的‎很好‎。Dan‎是后‎来我‎们对‎未来‎‎的看法发‎Sheng了‎分歧‎, ‎最终‎我们‎吵了‎起来‎。Dang‎争吵‎‎到不可开‎交的‎时候‎, ‎‎Dong事会站‎在了‎他的‎那一‎边。‎所以‎Zai三‎十岁‎的时‎候‎, ‎我被炒‎了。‎Zai这‎么‎多人目‎光下‎我被‎炒了‎。在‎Er立‎之年‎,我‎生命‎的全‎部支‎柱离‎‎Zi己远去‎, ‎‎这真是毁‎灭性‎的打‎Ji。‎ ‎   在最初‎的几‎‎个月里,‎Wo真‎是不‎知道‎该做‎些什‎么。‎我觉‎De我‎很令‎上‎一代的‎创业‎家们‎很失‎Wang,‎我把‎他们‎交给‎我的‎接力‎棒弄‎Diu了‎。我‎和创‎办‎惠普的‎Da‎vi‎d ‎Pa‎k‎、‎Chuang办In‎te‎l‎的Bo‎b ‎No‎e‎Jian面,‎并试‎图向‎他们‎道歉‎。‎我把Shi‎情弄‎得糟‎糕透‎顶了‎。但‎是我‎Jian渐‎发现‎了曙‎光,‎我仍‎然喜‎爱我‎Cong‎   事的这‎些东‎西。‎苹果‎公Si‎发生‎的这‎些事‎‎情丝毫的‎没有‎Gai变‎这些‎, ‎一点‎‎也没有。‎‎我Bei驱逐‎了,‎但是‎我仍‎然钟‎爱我‎所Zuo‎的事‎‎情。所以‎我决‎定从‎‎头再Lai。‎ ‎   ‎   

乔布斯斯坦福演讲稿

  史蒂夫 乔布斯2005斯坦福大学演Jiang稿   2011-10-06 14:16:10   Yi下是苹果计算机公司与Pixar动画制作Shi执行长Steve   Jobs在2005Nian六月12日对全体史丹佛大学毕业生的演讲Nei   容。   英文版:   I am honored to be with you today at your commencement from one of the finest universities in the world. I never graduated from college. Truth be told, this is the closest I’ve   ever gotten to a college graduation. Today I want to tell you three stories from my life. That’s it. No big deal. Just three stories.   The first story is about connecting the dots.I dropped out of Reed College after the first 6 months, but then stayed around as a drop-in for another 18 months or so before I really quit. So why did I drop out? It started before I was   born. My biological mother was a young, unwed college graduate student, and she decided to put me up for adoption. She felt very strongly that I should be adopted by college graduates, so everything was all set for me to be adopted at birth by a lawyer and his wife. Except that when I popped out they decided at the last minute that they really wanted a   girl. So my parents, who were on a waiting list, got a call in the middle of the night asking: “We have an unexpected baby boy; do you want him?“ They said: “Of course.“ My biological mother later found out that my mother had never graduated from college and that my father had never graduated from high school. She refused to sign the final adoption papers. She only relented a few months later when my parents promised that I would someday go to college. And 17 years later I did go to college. But I naively chose a college that was almost as expensive as Stanford, and all of my working-class parents’ savings were being spent on my college tuition. After six months, I couldn’t see the value in it. I had no idea what I wanted to do with my life and no idea how college was going to help me figure it out. And here I was spending all of the money my parents had saved their entire life. So I decided to drop out and trust that it would all work out OK. It was pretty scary at the time, but looking back it was one of the best decisions I ever made. The minute I dropped out I could stop taking the required classes that didn’t interest me, and begin dropping in on the ones that looked interesting.It wasn’t all romantic. I didn’t have a dorm room, so I slept on the floor in friends’ rooms, I   returned coke bottles for the 5, deposits to buy food with,   and I would walk the 7 miles across town every Sunday night to get one good meal a week at the Hare Krishna temple. I loved it. And much of what I stumbled into by following my curiosity and intuition turned out to be priceless later on. Let me give you one example: Reed College at that time offered perhaps the best calligraphy instruction in the country. Throughout the campus every poster, every label on every drawer, was beautifully hand calligraphed. Because I had dropped out and didn’t have to take the normal classes, I decided to take a calligraphy class to learn how to do this. I learned about serif and san serif typefaces, about varying the amount of space between different letter combinations, about what makes great typography great. It was beautiful, historical, artistically subtle in a way that science can’t capture, and I found it fascinating.   None of this had even a hope of any practical application in my life. But ten years later, when we were designing the first Macintosh computer, it all came back to me. And we designed it all into the Mac. It was the first computer with beautiful typography. If I had never dropped in on that   single course in college, the Mac would have never had multiple typefaces or proportionally spaced fonts. And since Windows just copied the Mac, its likely that no personal computer would have them. If I had never dropped out, I would have never dropped in on this calligraphy class, and personal computers might not have the wonderful typography that they do. Of course it was impossible to connect the dots looking forward when I was in college. But it was very, very clear looking backwards ten years later. Again, you can’t connect the dots looking forward; you can   only connect them looking backwards. So you have to trust that the dots will somehow connect in your future. You have to trust in something - your gut, destiny, life, karma, whatever. This approach has never let me down, and it has made all the difference in my life.   My second story is about love and loss.   I was lucky - I found what I loved to do early in life. Woz and I started Apple in my parents garage when I was 20. We worked hard, and in 10 years Apple had grown from just the two of us in a garage into a $2 billion company with over 4000 employees. We had just released our finest creation - the Macintosh - a year earlier, and I had just turned 30. And   then I got fired. How can you get fired from a company you started? Well, as Apple grew we hired someone who I thought was very talented to run the company with me, and for the first year or so things went well. But then our visions of the future began to diverge and eventually we had a falling out. When we did, our Board of Directors sided with him. So at 30 I was out. And very publicly out. What had been the focus of my entire adult life was gone, and it was devastating.   I really didn’t know what to do for a few months. I felt that I had let the previous generation of entrepreneurs down - that I had dropped the baton as it was being passed to me. I met with David Packard and Bob Noyce and tried to apologize for screwing up so badly. I was a very public failure, and I even thought about running away from the valley. But something slowly began to dawn on me - I still loved what I did. The turn of events at Apple had not changed that one bit. I had been rejected, but I was still in love. And so I decided to start over.   I didn’t see it then, but it turned out that getting fired from Apple was the best thing that could have ever happened to me. The heaviness of being successful was replaced by the   lightness of being a beginner again, less sure about everything. It freed me to enter one of the most creative periods of my life.   During the next five years, I started a company named NeXT, another company named Pixar, and fell in love with an amazing woman who would become my wife. Pixar went on to create the worlds first computer animated feature film, Toy Story, and is now the most successful animation studio in the world. In a remarkable turn of events, Apple bought NeXT, I retuned to Apple, and the technology we developed at NeXT is at the heart of Apple’s current renaissance. And Laurene and I have a wonderful family together.   I’m pretty sure none of this would have happened if I hadn’t been fired from Apple. It was awful tasting medicine, but I guess the patient needed it. Sometimes life hits you in the head with a brick. Don’t lose faith. I’m convinced that the only thing that kept me going was that I loved what I did. You’ve got to find what you love. And that is as true for your work as it is for your lovers. Your work is going to fill a large part of your life, and the only way to be truly satisfied is to do what you believe is great work. And the only way to do great work is to love what you do. If you haven’t found it yet,   keep looking. Don’t settle. As with all matters of the heart, you’ll know when you find it. And, like any great   relationship, it just gets better and better as the years roll on. So keep looking until you find it. Don’t settle.   My third story is about death.   When I was 17, I read a quote that went something like: “If you live each day as if it was your last, someday you’ll most certainly be right.“ It made an impression on me, and since then, for the past 33 years, I have looked in the mirror every morning and asked myself: “If today were the last day of my life, would I want to do what I am about to do today?“ And whenever the answer has been “No“ for too many days in a row, I know I need to change something.   Remembering that I’ll be dead soon is the most important tool I’ve ever encountered to help me make the big choices in life. Because almost everything - all external expectations, all pride, all fear of embarrassment or failure - these things just fall away in the face of death, leaving only what is truly important. Remembering that you are going to die is the best way I know to avoid the trap of thinking you have something to lose. You are already naked. There is no reason not to follow your heart.   about a year ago I was diagnosed with cancer. I had a scan at 7:30 in the morning, and it clearly showed a tumor on my pancreas. I didn’t even know what a pancreas was. The doctors told me this was almost certainly a type of cancer that is incurable, and that I should expect to live no longer than three to six months. My doctor advised me to go home and get my affairs in order, which is doctor’s code for prepare to die. It means to try to tell your kids everything you thought you’d have the next 10 years to tell them in just   a few months. It means to make sure everything is buttoned up so that it will be as easy as possible for your family. It means to say your goodbyes.   I lived with that diagnosis all day. Later that evening I had a biopsy, where they stuck an endoscope down my throat, through my stomach and into my intestines, put a needle into my pancreas and got a few cells from the tumor. I was sedated, but my wife, who was there, told me that when they viewed the cells under a microscope the doctors started crying because it turned out to be a very rare form of pancreatic cancer that is curable with surgery. I had the surgery and I’m fine now.   This was the closest I’ve been to facing death, and I hope its   the closest I get for a few more decades. Having lived through it, I can now say this to you with a bit more certainty than when death was a useful but purely intellectual concept:   No one wants to die. Even people who want to go to heaven don’t want to die to get there. And yet death is the destination we all share. No one has ever escaped it. And that is as it should be, because Death is very likely the single best invention of Life. It is Life’s change agent. It clears out the old to make way for the new. Right now the new is you, but someday not too long from now, you will gradually become the old and be cleared away. Sorry to be so dramatic, but it is quite true.   Your time is limited, so don’t waste it living someone else’s life. Don’t be trapped by dogma - which is living with the   results of other people’s thinking. Don’t let the noise of other’s opinions drown out your own inner voice. And most important, have the courage to follow your heart and intuition. They somehow already know what you truly want to become. Everything else is secondary.   When I was young, there was an amazing publication called The Whole Earth Catalog, which was one of the bibles of my   generation. It was created by a fellow named Stewart Brand not far from here in Menlo Park, and he brought it to life with his poetic touch. This was in the late 1960’s, before   personal computers and desktop publishing, so it was all made with typewriters, scissors, and polaroid cameras. It was sort of like Google in paperback form, 35 years before Google came along: it was idealistic, and overflowing with neat tools and great notions.   Stewart and his team put out several issues of The Whole Earth Catalog, and then when it had run its course, they put out a final issue. It was the mid-1970s, and I was your age. On the back cover of their final issue was a photograph of an early morning country road, the kind you might find yourself hitchhiking on if you were so adventurous. Beneath it were the words: “Stay Hungry. Stay Foolish.“ It was their farewell message as they signed off. Stay Hungry. Stay Foolish. And I have always wished that for myself. And now, as you graduate to begin anew, I wish that for you. Stay Hungry. Stay Foolish.   Thank you all very much.     Jin天,有荣幸来到各位从世界上最好的学校之Yi毕业的毕业   典礼上。我从来没从大Xue毕业。说实话,这是我离大学毕业最近的一Ke。今天,我只说三个故事,不谈大道理,三Ge故事就好。   第一个故事,是关于Ren生中的点点滴滴怎么串连在一起。 我在里De学院(Reed college)待了六Ge月就办休学了。到我退学前,一共休学了十Ba个月。那么,我为什么休学, 这得从我出Sheng前讲起。我的亲生母亲当时是个研究生,年Qing未婚妈妈,她决定让别人收养我。她强烈觉De应该让有大学毕业的人收养我,所以我出生Shi,她就准备让我被一对律师夫妇收养。但是Zhe对夫妻到了最后一刻反悔了,他们想收养女Hai。所以在等待收养名单上的一对夫妻,我的Yang父母,在一天半夜里接到一通电话,问他们「You一名意外出生的男孩,你们要认养他吗,」Er他们的回答是「当然要」。后来,我的生母Fa现,我现在的妈妈从来没有大学毕业,我现Zai的爸爸则连高中毕业也没有。她拒绝在认养Dang上做最后签字。直到几个月后,我的养父母Tong意将来一定会让我上大学,她才软化态度。   Shi七年后,我上大学了。但是当时我无知选了Yi所学费几乎跟斯坦福一样贵的大学,我那工Ren阶级的父母所有积蓄都花在我的学费上。六Ge月后,我看不出念这个书的价值何在。那时Hou,我不知道这辈子要干什么,也不知道念大Xue能对我   有什么帮助,而且我为了念Zhe个书,花光了我父母这辈子的所有积蓄,所Yi我决定休学,相信船到桥头自然直。当时这Ge决定看来相当可怕,可是现在看来,那是我Zhe辈子做过最好的决定之一。当我休学之后,Wo再也不用上我没兴趣的必修课,把时间拿去Ting那些我有兴趣的课。   这一点也不Lang漫。我没有宿舍,所以我睡在友人家里的地Ban上,靠着回收可乐空罐的五先令退费买吃的,Mei个星期天晚上得走七里的路绕过大半个镇去Yin度教的 Hare Krishna神庙吃Dun好料。我喜欢Hare Krishna神Miao的好料。追寻我的好奇与直觉,我所驻足的Da部分事物,后来看来都成了无价之宝。举例Lai说:   当时里德学院有着大概是全Guo最好的书法指导。在整个校园内的每一张海Bao上,每个抽屉的标签上,都是美丽的手写字。Yin为我休学了,可以不照正常选课程序来,所Yi我跑去学书法。我学了serif与san serifZi体,学到在不同字母组合间变更字间距,学Dao活版印刷伟大的地方。书法的美好、历史感Yu艺术感是科学所无法捕捉的,我觉得那很迷Ren。 我没预期过学的这些东西能在我生活中Qi些什么实际作用,不过十年后,当我在设计Di一台麦金塔时,我想起了当时所学的东西,Suo以把这些东西都设计进了麦金塔里,这是第Yi台能印刷出漂亮东西的计算机。如果我没沉Ni于那样一门课   里,麦金塔可能就不Hui有多重字体跟变间距字体了。又因为WindowsChao袭了麦金塔的使用方式,如果当年我没这样Zuo,大概世界上所有的个人计算机都不会有这Xie东西,印不出现在我们看到的漂亮的字来了。Dang然,当我还在大学里时,不可能把这些点点Di滴预先串在一起,但是这在十年后回顾,就Xian得非常清楚。   我再说一次,你不Neng预先把点点滴滴串在一起;唯有未来回顾时,Ni才会明白那些点点滴滴是如何串在一起的。Suo以你得相信,你现在所体会的东西,将来多Shao会连接在一块。你得信任某个东西,直觉也Hao,命运也好,生命也好,或者业力。这种作Fa从来没让我失望,也让我的人生整个不同起Lai。 我的第二个故事,有关爱与失去。   Wo好运,年轻时就发现自己爱做什么事。我二Shi岁时,跟Steve Wozniak在我Ba妈的车库里开始了苹果计算机的事业。我们Pin命工作,苹果计算机在十年间从一间车库里De两个小伙子扩展成了一家员工超过四千人、Shi价二十亿美金的公司,在那之前一年推出了Wo们最棒的作品,麦金塔,而我才刚迈入人生De第三十个年头,然后被炒鱿鱼。要怎么让自Ji创办的公司炒自己鱿鱼,好吧,当苹果计算Ji成长后,我请了一个我以为他在经营公司上Hen有才干的家伙来,他在头几年也确实干得不Cuo。可是我们对未来的愿景不同,最后只   Hao分道扬镳,董事会站在他那边,炒了我鱿鱼,Gong开把我请了出去。曾经是我整个成年生活重Xin的东西不见了,令我不知所措。     You几个月,我实在不知道要干什么好。我觉得Wo令企业界的前辈们失望,我把他们交给我的Jie力棒弄丢了。我见了创办HP的David PackardGen创办Intel的Bob Noyce,跟Ta们说我很抱歉把事情搞砸得很厉害了。我成Liao公众的非常负面示范,我甚至想要离开硅谷。Dan是渐渐的,我发现,我还是喜爱着我做过的Shi情,在苹果的日子经历的事件没有丝毫改变Wo爱做的事。我被否定了,可是我还是爱做那Xie事情,所以我决定从头来过。   当Shi我没发现,但是现在看来,被苹果计算机开Chu,是我所经历过最好的事情。成功的沉重被Cong头来过的轻松所取代,每件事情都不那么确Ding,让我自由进入这辈子最有创意的年代。   Jie下来五年,我开了一家叫做NeXT的公司,You开一家叫做Pixar的公司,也跟后来的Lao婆谈起了恋爱。Pixar接着制作了世界Shang第一部全计算机动画电影,玩具总动员,现Zai是世界上最成功的动画制作公司。然后,苹Guo计算机买下了NeXT,我回到了苹果,我Men在NeXT发展的技术成了苹果计   Suan机后来复兴的核心。我也有了个美妙的家庭。 Wo很确定,如果当年苹果计算机没开除我,就Bu会发生这些事情。这帖药很苦口,可是我想Ping果计算机这个病人需要这帖药。有时候,人Sheng会用砖头打你的头。不要丧失信心。我确信,Wo爱我所做的事情,这就是这些年来让我继续Zou下去的唯一理由。你得找出你爱的,工作上Shi如此,对情人也是如此。你的工作将填满你De一大块人生,唯一获得真正满足的方法就是Zuo你相信是伟大的工作,而唯一做伟大工作的Fang法是爱你所做的事。如果你还没找到这些事,Ji续找,别停顿。尽你全心全力,你知道你一Ding会找到。而且,如同任何伟大的关系,事情Zhi会随着时间愈来愈好。所以,在你找到之前,Ji续找,别停顿。   我的第三个故事,Guan于死亡。   当我十七岁时,我读到Yi则格言,好像是「把每一天都当成生命中的Zui后一天,你就会轻松自在。」这对我影响深Yuan,在过去33年里,我每天早上都会照镜子,Zi问:「如果今天是此生最后一日,我今天要Gan些什么,」每当我连续太多天都得到一个「Mei事做」的答案时,我就知道我必须有所变革Liao。   提醒自己快死了,是我在人生Zhong下重大决定时,所用过最重要的工具。因为Ji乎每件事,所有外界期望、所有名誉、所   You对困窘或失败的恐惧,在面对死亡时,都消Shi了,只有最重要的东西才会留下。提醒自己Kuai死了,是我所知避免掉入自己有东西要失去Liao的陷阱里最好的方法。人生不带来,死不带Qu,没什么道理不顺心而为。   一年Qian,我被诊断出癌症。我在早上七点半作断层Sao描,在胰脏清楚出现一个肿瘤,我连胰脏是Shi么都不知道。医生告诉我,那几乎可以确定Shi一种不治之症,我大概活不到三到六个月了。Yi生建议我回家,好好跟亲人们聚一聚,这是Yi生对临终病人的标准建议。那代表你得试着Zai几个月内把你将来十年想跟小孩讲的话讲完。Na代表你得把每件事情搞定,家人才会尽量轻Song。那代表你得跟人说再见了。 我整天想着Na个诊断结果,那天晚上做了一次切片,从喉Long伸入一个内视镜,从胃进肠子,插了根针进Yi脏,取了一些肿瘤细胞出来。我打了镇静剂,Bu醒人事,但是我老婆在场。她后来跟我说,Dang医生们用显微镜看过那些细胞后,他们都哭Liao,因为那是非常少见的一种胰脏癌,可以用Shou术治好。所以我接受了手术,康复了。   Zhe是我最接近死亡的时候,我希望那会继续是Wei来几十年内最接近的一次。经历此事后,我Ke以比之前死亡只是抽象概念时要更肯定告诉Ni们下面这些:   没有人想死。即使Na些想上天堂的人,也想活着上天堂。但   Shi死亡是我们共有的目的地,没有人逃得过。Zhe是注定的,因为死亡简直就是生命中最棒的Fa明,是生命变化的媒介,送走老人们,给新Sheng代留下空间。现在你们是新生代,但是不久De将来,你们也会逐渐变老,被送出人生的舞Tai。抱歉讲得这么戏剧化,但是这是真的。   Ni们的时间有限,所以不要浪费时间活在别人De生活里。不要被信条所惑,盲从信条就是活Zai别人思考结果里。不要让别人的意见淹没了Ni内在的心声。最重要的,拥有跟随内心与直Jue的勇气,你的内心与直觉多少已经知道你真Zheng想要成为什么样的人。任何其他事物都是次Yao的。   在我年轻时,有本神奇的杂Zhi叫做Whole Earth Catalog,Dang年我们很迷这本杂志。那是一位住在离这不Yuan的Menlo Park的Stewart BrandFa行的,他把杂志办得很有诗意。那是1960Nian代末期,个人计算机跟桌上出版还没发明,Suo有内容都是打字机、剪刀跟拍立得相机做出Lai的。杂志内容有点像印在纸上的Google,ZaiGoogle出现之前35年就有了:理想Hua,充满新奇工具与神奇的注记。   Qiao布斯跟他的出版团队出了好几期Whole Earth Catalog,Ran后出了停刊号。当时是1970年代中期,Wo正是你们现在这个年龄的时候。在停刊号的Feng底,有张早晨乡间小路的照片,那种你去爬Shan时会经过的乡间小路。在照片下有行小字:   Qiu知若饥,虚心若愚。   

乔布斯斯坦福演讲稿

  乔布斯斯坦福演讲稿   乔布斯Si坦福演讲稿   I was lucky – I found what I loved to do early in life. Woz and I started Apple in my parents garage when I was 20. We worked hard, and in 10 years Apple had grown from just the two of us in a garage into a billion company with over 4000 employees. We had just released our finest creation - the Macintosh - a year earlier, and I had just turned 30. And then I got fired. How can you get fired from a company you startedWell, as Apple grew we hired someone who I thought was very talented to run the company with me, and for the first year or so things went well. But then our visions of the future began to diverge and eventually we had a falling out. When we did, our Board of Directors sided with him. So at 30 I was out. And very publicly out. What had been the focus of my entire adult life was gone, and it was devastating.   Wo非常幸运, 因为我在很早的时候就找到了Wo钟爱   的东西。Woz和我在二十岁De时候就在父母的车库里面开创   了苹Guo公司。我们工作得很努力, 十年之后, Zhe个公司从那   1 / 13   Liang个车库中的穷光蛋发展到了超过四千名的雇Yuan、价值超过   二十亿的大公司。在公Si成立的第九年,我们刚刚发布了最   Hao的产品,那就是Macintosh。我也Kuai要到三十岁了。在那一   年, 我被Chao了鱿鱼。你怎么可能被你自己创立的公司炒Liao鱿   鱼呢嗯,在苹果快速成长的时候~Wo们雇用了一个很有天分   的家伙和我Yi起管理这个公司, 在最初的几年,公司运Zhuan的   很好。但是后来我们对未来的看Fa发生了分歧, 最终我们吵   了起来。Dang争吵不可开交的时候, 董事会站在了他的Na一   边。所以在三十岁的时候, 我Bei炒了。在这么多人的眼皮下   我被炒Liao。在而立之年~我生命的全部支柱离自己远Qu, 这   真是毁灭性的打击。   I really didnt know what to do for a few months. I felt that I had let the previous generation of entrepreneurs down - that I had dropped the baton as it was being passed to me. I met with David Packard and Bob Noyce and tried to apologize for screwing up so badly. I was a very public failure, and I even thought about running away from the valley. But something slowly began to dawn on me – I still loved what I did.   The turn of events at Apple had not changed that one bit. I had been rejected, but I was still in love. And so I decided to start over.   2 / 13   Zai最初的几个月里~我真是不知道该做些什么。Wo把   从前的创业激情给丢了, 我觉De自己让与我一同创业的人   都很沮丧。Wo和David Pack和Bob BoyceJian面~并试图向   他们道歉。我把事情Nong得糟糕透顶了。但是我渐渐发现了曙   Guang, 我仍然喜爱我从事的这些东西。苹果公Si发生的这些事   情丝毫的没有改变这Xie, 一点也没有。我被驱逐了,但是我   Reng然钟爱它。所以我决定从头再来。   I didnt see it then, but it turned out that getting fired from Apple was the best thing that could have ever happened to me. The heaviness of being successful was replaced by the lightness of being a beginner again, less sure about everything. It freed me to enter one of the most creative periods of my life.   Wo当时没有觉察, 但是事后证明, 从苹果Gong司被炒   是我这辈子发生的最棒的事Qing。因为~作为一个成功者的极   乐感Jue被作为一个创业者的轻松感觉所重新代替: Dui任何   事情都不那么特别看重。这让Wo觉得如此自由, 进入了我生   命中Zui有创造力的一个阶段。   During the next five years, I started a company named NeXT, another company named Pixar, and fell in love with an amazing woman who would become my wife. Pixar went on to create the worlds first computer   3 / 13   animated feature film, Toy Story, and is now the most successful animation studio in the world. In a remarkable turn of events, Apple bought NeXT, I retuned to Apple, and the technology we developed at NeXT is at the heart of Apples current renaissance. And Laurene and I have a wonderful family together.   Zai接下来的五年里, 我创立了一个名叫NeXTDe公司,   还有一个叫Pixar的Gong司, 然后和一个后来成为我妻子的优   Ya女人相识。Pixar 制作了世界上第一Ge用电脑制作的动画   电影——“玩具Zong动员”,Pixar现在也是世界上最成功De电   脑制作工作室。在后来的一系列Yun转中,Apple收购了NeXT,   Ran后我又回到了Apple公司。我们在NeXTFa展的技术在   Apple的复兴之中Fa挥了关键的作用。我还和Laurence Yi   起建立了一个幸福的家庭。   Im pretty sure none of this would have happened if I hadnt been fired from   Apple. It was awful tasting medicine, but I guess the patient needed it. Sometimes life hits you in the head with a brick. Dont lose faith. Im convinced that the only thing that kept me going was that I loved what I did. Youve got to find what you love. And that is as true for your work as it is for your lovers. Your work   4 / 13   is going to fill a large part of your life, and the only way to be truly satisfied is to do what you believe is great work. And the only way to do great work is to love what you do. If you havent found it yet, keep looking. Dont settle. As with all matters of the heart, youll know when you find it. And, like any great relationship, it just gets better and better as the years roll on. So keep looking until you find it. Dont settle.   Wo可以非常肯定,如果我不被Apple开除De话, 这其   中一件事情也不会发生De。这个良药的味道实在是太苦了,   Dan是我想病人需要这个药。有些时候, 生活Hui拿起一块砖头   向你的脑袋上猛拍一Xia。不要失去信心。我很清楚唯一使我   Yi直走下去的~就是我做的事情令我无比钟爱。Ni需要去找   到你所爱的东西。对于工Zuo是如此, 对于你的爱人也是如   此。Ni的工作将会占据生活中很大的一部分。你只You相信自   己所做的是伟大的工作, Ni才能怡然自得。如果你现在还没   有Zhao到, 那么继续找、不要停下来、全心全意De去找, 当你   找到的时候你就会知Dao的。就像任何真诚的关系, 随着岁月   De流逝只会越来越紧密。所以继续找~直到你Zhao到它~不要   停下来:   My third story is about death.   Qiao布斯斯坦福演讲稿 Youve got to find what you   5 / 13   love, Jobs says   JobsShuo~你必须要找到你所爱的东西。   This is the text of the Commencement address by Steve Jobs, CEO of Apple Computer and of Pixar Animation Studios, delivered on June 12, 2016.   Zhe是苹果公司和Pixar动画工作室的CEO Steve Jobs   Yu2016年6月12号在斯坦福大学的毕业Dian礼上面的演讲稿。   I am honored to be with you today at your commencement from one of the finest universities in the world. I never graduated from college. Truth be told, this is the closest Ive ever gotten to a college graduation. Today I want to tell you three stories from my life. Thats it. No big deal. Just three stories.   Wo今天很荣幸能和你们一起参加毕业典礼~斯Tan福大   学是世界上最好的大学之   Yi。我从来没有从大学中毕业。说实话,今天Ye许是   在我的生命中离大学毕业最近De一天了。今天我想向你们讲   述我生Huo中的三个故事。不是什么大不了的事情,只Shi三个   故事而已。   The first story is about connecting the dots.   Di一个故事是关于如何把生命中的点点滴滴串Lian起   来。   6 / 13   I dropped out of Reed College after the first 6 months, but then stayed around as a drop-in for another 18 months or so before I really quit. So why did I drop out Wo在Reed大学读了六个月之后就退学了,Dan是在十八个   月以后——我真正的作Chu退学决定之前,我还经常去学校。   Wo为什么要退学呢,   It started before I was born. My biological mother was a young, unwed college graduate student, and she decided to put me up for adoption. She felt very strongly that I should be adopted by college graduates, so everything was all set for me to be adopted at birth by a lawyer and his wife. Except that when I popped out they decided at the last minute that they really wanted a girl. So my parents, who were on a waiting list, got a call in the middle of the night asking: "We have an unexpected baby boy; do you want him" They said: "Of course." My biological mother later found out that my mother had never graduated from college and that my father had never graduated from high school. She refused to sign the final adoption papers. She only relented a few months later when my parents promised that I would someday go to college.   7 / 13   Gu事从我出生的时候讲起。我的亲生母亲是一Ge年轻   的,没有结婚的大学毕业生。Ta决定让别人收养我, 她十分   想让Wo被大学毕业生收养。所以在我出生的时候~Ta已经做   好了一切的准备工作~能使De我被一个律师和他的妻子所收   养。Dan是她没有料到,当我出生之后,律师夫妇突Ran决定他们   想要一个女孩。 所以我De生养父母突然在半夜接到了一个   电Hua:“我   们现在这儿有一个不小心Sheng出来的男婴,你们想要他   吗,”他Men回答道:“当然:”但是我亲生母亲随后发Xian~我   的养母从来没有上过大学,我De父亲甚至从没有读过高中。   她拒绝Qian这个收养合同。只是在几个月以后,我的父Mu答应   她一定要让我上大学,那个时Hou她才同意。   And 17 years later I did go to college. But I naively chose a college that was almost as expensive as Stanford, and all of my working-class parents savings were being spent on my college tuition. After six months, I couldnt see the value in it. I had no idea what I wanted to do with my life and no idea how college was going to help me figure it out. And here I was spending all of the money my parents had saved their entire life. So I decided to drop out and trust that it would all work out OK. It was pretty scary at the   8 / 13   time, but looking back it was one of the best decisions I ever made. The minute I dropped out I could stop taking the required classes that didnt interest me, and begin dropping in on the ones that looked interesting.   Zai十七岁那年,我真的上了大学。但是我很愚Chun的选   择了一个几乎和你们斯坦福大Xue一样贵的学校, 我父母还   处于蓝Ling阶层~他们几乎把所有积蓄都花在了我的学Fei上   面。在六个月后, 我已经看不Dao其中的价值所在。我不知道   我想要Zai生命中做什么,我也不知道大学能帮助我找Dao怎样   的答案。 但是在这里~我几Hu花光了我父母这一辈子的所   有积蓄。Suo以我决定要退学,我觉得这是个正确的决定。Bu   能否认,我当时确实非常的害怕, Dan是现在回头看看,那的   确是我这一Sheng中最棒的一个决定。在我做出退学决定的那Yi   刻, 我终于可以不必去读那些令Wo提不起丝毫兴趣的课程   了。然后我Huan可以去修那些看起来有点意思的课程。   It wasnt all romantic. I didnt have a dorm room, so I slept on the floor in friends rooms, I returned coke bottles for the 5 deposits to buy food with, and I would walk the 7 miles across town every Sunday night to get one good meal a week at the Hare Krishna temple. I loved it. And much of what I stumbled into by following my curiosity and intuition turned out to be priceless   9 / 13   later on. Let me give you one example:   Dan是这并不是那么罗曼蒂克。我失去了我的宿She,所   以我只能在朋友房间的地板上Mian睡觉,我去捡5美分的可乐   瓶子~Jin仅为了填饱肚子, 在星期天的晚上,我需Yao走七英   里的路程~穿过这个城市到Hare KrishnaSi庙,只是为了能   吃上饭——这个星Qi唯一一顿好一点的饭。但是我喜欢这   Yang。我跟着我的直觉和好奇心走, 遇到的很Duo东西,此后被   证明是无价之宝。让Wo给你们举一个例子吧:   Reed College at that time offered perhaps the best calligraphy instruction in the country. Throughout the campus every poster, every label on every drawer, was beautifully hand calligraphed. Because I had dropped out and didnt have to take the normal classes, I decided to take a calligraphy class to learn how to do this. I learned about serif and san serif typefaces, about varying the amount of space between different letter combinations, about what makes great typography great. It was beautiful, historical, artistically subtle in a way that science cant capture, and I found it fascinating.   ReedDa学在那时提供也许是全美最好的美术字课程。   Zai这个大学里面的每个海报, 每个抽屉的标Qian上面全都是   10 / 13   Piao亮的美术字。因为我退学了, 没有受到正Gui的   训练, 所以我决定去参加这Ge课程~去学学怎样写出   漂亮的美术Zi。我学到了san serif 和serifZi体, 我学会   了怎么样在不同的字Mu组合之中改变空格的长度, 还有怎   Me样才能作出最棒的印刷式样。那是一种科学Yong远不能捕捉   到的、美丽的、真实的Yi术精妙, 我发现那实在是太美妙了。   None of this had even a hope of any practical application in my life. But ten years later, when we were designing the first Macintosh computer, it all came back to me. And we designed it all into the Mac. It was the first computer with beautiful typography. If I had never dropped in on that single course in college, the Mac would have never had multiple typefaces or proportionally spaced fonts. And since Windows just copied the Mac, its likely that no personal computer would have them. If I had never dropped out, I would have never dropped in on this calligraphy class, and personal computers might not have the wonderful typography that they do. Of course it was impossible to connect the dots looking forward when I was in college. But it was very, very clear looking backwards ten years later.   11 / 13   Dang时看起来这些东西在我的生命中~好像都没You什么   实际应用的可能。但是十年之Hou,当我们在设计第一台   MacintoshDian脑的时候,就不是那样了。我把当时我学的Na些   家伙全都设计进了Mac。那是Di一台使用了漂亮的印刷字体   的电脑。Ru果我当时没有退学, 就不会有机会去参加Zhe个我   感兴趣的美术字课程, MacJiu不会有这么多丰富的字体~以   及赏Xin悦目的字体间距。那么现在个人电脑就不会You现在这   么美妙的字型了。当然我在Da学的时候~还不可能把从前的   点点Di滴串连起来,但是当我十年后回顾这一切的Shi候,真   的豁然开朗了。   Again, you cant connect the dots looking forward; you can only connect them looking backwards. So you have to trust that the dots will somehow connect in your future. You have to trust in something - your gut, destiny, life, karma, whatever. This approach has never let me down, and it has made all the difference in my life.   Zai次说明的是,你在向前展望的时候不可能将Zhe些片   断串连起来,你只能在回顾的Shi候将点点滴滴串连起来。所   以你必Xu相信这些片断会在你未来的某一天串连起来。Ni必   须要相信某些东西:你的勇气、Mu的、生命、因缘。这个过   程从来没You令我失望,只是让我的生命更加地与众不同Er   12 / 13   已。 My second story is about love and loss.     13 / 13   

乔布斯毕业演讲稿 

  乔布斯毕业演讲稿   Thankyou.I'mhonoredtobewithyoutodayforyourcomme   ncementfromoneofthefinestuniversitiesintheworld.Tru   thbetold,Inevergraduatedfromcollegeandthisistheclos   estI'veevergottentoacollegegraduation.   Xie谢大家。很荣幸能和你们,耍来自世界最好Da学之一的   毕业生们,一块鸽儿参加Bi业典礼。老实说,我大学没有毕 业,   Jin天恐怕是我一生中离大学毕业最近Й的一次Liao。   TodayIwantto?tellyouthreestorieWa   sfrommylife.That's it.Nobigdeal.Justt?   hreestories.ThefirZuoststoryisaboutconn獾ectingthedots.   Jin天我媸想告诉大家来自我生活的三个故事。Mei什檫么大不   了的,只是三个故事而Yi。第一个躜故事,如何串连生命中的   Dian滴。   Idr丘oppedoutofReedCollZuoegeafterthefirstsi俟   xmonthsbutthenstayZuoedaroundasadrop-in着   foranothereighteenHuomonthsorsobeforeIr蜍   eallyquit.SowhydidQuIdropout?Itstarted蛉   beforeIwasborn.MybZuoiologicalmotherwas喙   ayoung,unwedgraduaZuotestudent,andshede迢   cidedtoputmeupforaZhandoption.Shefeltver ystronglythatIshouHualdbeadoptedbycolle楹gegraduates,soeverJianythingwasallsetfor泻metobeadoptedatbir thbyalawyerandhisw ife,exceptthatwhen?Ipoppedout,theydecChongidedatthelastminut ethattheyreallywanShetedagirl.Somyparen诹ts,whowereonawaiti nglist,gotacallint hemiddleofthenightXiasking,"We'vegotan女unexpectedbabyboy.EDoyouwanthim?"They刺said,"Ofcourse."MyZuobiologicalmotherfoλundoutlaterthatmymZuootherhadnevergradu麒atedfromcollegeandTiaothatmyfatherhadnev寒ergraduatedfromhigZuohschool.Sherefused讠tosignthefinaladopGuationpapers.Sheonly茹relentedafewmonthsKanglaterwhenmyparents promisedthatIwould gotocollege.   Wo在里得大淀学读了六个月就退学了,但是在Shi八个月犴之后--我真正退学之前,我还常Qu学校囟。为何我要选择退学呢?这还得从我Chu生司之前说起。我的生母是一个年轻、未婚De鼙大学毕业生,她决定让别人收养我。她有Kai一个很强烈的信仰,认为我应该被一个大 Xue毕业生家庭收养。于是,一对律师夫妇泽说Hao了要领养我,然而最后一秒钟,他们函改变Liao主意,决   定要个女孩儿。然后我的Zuo排在收养人名单中的养父母在一个深夜接揠Dao电话,“很意外,我们多了一个男婴,痉你Men要吗?”“当然要!”但是我的生母元后来You发现我的养母没有大学毕业,养父返连高中Du没有毕业。她拒绝在领养书上签华字。几个Yue后,我的养父母保证会让我上歙大学,她妥Xie了。   Thiswasth estartinmylife.And seventeenyearslateYaor,Ididgotocollege,鲸butInaivelychoseacJiaoollegethatwasalmos,tasexpensiveasStanHuaford,andallofmyworピking-classparents'Lingsavingswerebeingsp昴entonmycollegetuitYuion.Aftersixmonths,,Icouldn'tseethevaㄏlueinit.IhadnoideaZuowhatIwantedtodowit桊hmylife,andnoideaoTufhowcollegewasgoin诛gtohelpmefigureitoMeiut,andhereIwas,spe医ndingallthemoneymyZuoparentshadsavedthe毒irentirelife.SoIdeJucidedtodropoutandt掀rustthatitwouldallWuworkoutOK.Itwaspre ttyscaryatthetime,Zhabutlookingback,itw赧asoneofthebestdeci sionsIevermade.TheLeiminuteIdroppedout,骈IcouldstoptakingthBingerequiredclassesth趺atdidn'tinterestmeWeiandbegindroppingin钹ontheonesthatlookeZuo   dfarmoreinterestinShig.   这是我生命的开端。十七年Hou,我炯上大学了,但是我很无知地选了一所Cha不,多和斯坦福一样贵的学校,几乎花掉我Na獠蓝领阶层养父母一生的积蓄。六个月后,Zuo我觉得不值得。我看不出自己以后要做什痍Me,也不晓得大学会怎样帮我指点迷津,鉴而Wo却在花销父母一生的积蓄。所以我决笃定退Xue,并且相信没有做错。一开始非常辇吓人,Dan回忆起来,这却是我一生中作的荃最好的决Ding之一。从我退学的那一刻起,瓢我可以停止Yi切不感兴趣的必修课,开始坟旁听那些有意Si得多的课。   Itwas n'tallromantic.IdiHandn'thaveadormroom,鳊soIsleptonthefloorJiinfriends'rooms.Ir硫eturnedCokebottles forthefive-centdepZuoositstobuyfoodwith韦,andIwouldwalkthes evenmilesacrosstowChangneverySundaynighttぬogetonegoodmealaweLuoekattheHareKrishna temple.Ilovedit.AnTuodmuchofwhatIstumbl瞢edintobyfollowingm ycuriosityandintuiTongtionturnedouttobep冕ricelesslateron.LeZuotmegiveyouoneexamp le.   Shi情并不那么美好。我没有宿舍息可住,睡在Peng友房间的地上。为了吃饭, 我收集五分一Ge的旧可乐瓶,每个星期天遑   晚上步Xing七英里到哈尔-克里什纳庙里改捆善一下一Zhou的伙食。我喜欢这种生活方式爱。能够遵循Zi己的好奇和直觉前行后来被噗证明是多么的Zhen贵。让我来给你们举个例 子吧。   ReedCollegeattTaihattimeofferedperh姝apsthebestcalligra phyinstructioninthPengecountry.Throughou砦tthecampuseverypos ter,everylabelonevZuoerydrawerwasbeauti雅fullyhand-calligraHuiphed.BecauseIhaddr沥oppedoutanddidn'th avetotakethenormalZuoclasses,Idecidedto馕takeacalligraphyclZuoasstolearnhowtodot窄his.IlearnedaboutsZuoerifandsans-serift ypefaces,aboutvarySheingtheamountofspac,ebetweendifferentlZheettercombinations,埔aboutwhatmakesgreaZuottypographygreat.I twasbeautiful,histJiuorical,artisticall,ysubtleinawaythatsZuociencecan'tcapture麸,andIfounditfascinZuoating.   当时的里得大学提Gong可能蛱是全国最好的书法指导。校园中每一Zhang海叩报,抽屉上的每一张标签,都是漂亮的Shou靥写体。由于我已退学,不用修那些必修课Shen,我决定选一门书法课上上。在这门课上患,Wo学会了“serif”和"sans珀-serif"Liang种   字体、学会了怎样在铪不同的字Mu组合中改变字间距、学会了怎 样写出好的Zi来。这是一种科学无法捕捉护的微妙,楚楚Dong人、充满历史底蕴和艺术墼性,我觉得自己Bei完全吸引了。   Non幌eofthishadevenahopZuoeofanypracticalapp垃licationinmylife.B uttenyearslaterwheZuonweweredesigningth曛efirstMacintoshcomZuoputer,itallcamebac佴ktome,andwedesigne?ditallintotheMac.I twasthefirstcomputWanerwithbeautifultyp ography.IfIhadneve rdroppedinonthatsiHunnglecourseincolleg坎e,theMacwouldhavenZuoeverhadmultipletyp猕efacesorproportionZuoallyspacedfonts,an侨dsinceWindowsjustcZuoopiedtheMac,it'sli俪kelythatnopersonalJiucomputerwouldhavet闭hem.   Dang时我并不指望书法在以后的络生活中能有什Me实用价值。但是,十年之В后,我们在设计Di一台Macintos踣h计算机时,它一Xia子浮现在我眼前。于?是,我们把这些东西Quan都设计进了计算机监中。这是第一台有这么Piao亮的文字版式的湫计算机。要不是我当初在Da学里偶然选了叻这么一门课,MacintoshJi算机嫂绝不会有那么多种印刷字体或间距安Pai合 理的字号。要不是Windows照搬Liao庑Macintosh,个人电脑可能不会 You这   些字体和字号。   IfIhadne verdroppedout,Iwou ldhaveneverdroppedJieinonthatcalligraph岂yclassandpersonalsZhoucomputersmightnoth砉avethewonderfultypXiographythattheydo. Zuo   要不是退了学,我决不会碰巧选了Zhe门瘫书法课,个人电脑也可能不会有现在这Xie 漂亮的版式了。   OfcourseitAwasimpossibletocon nectthedotslookingKuoforwardwhenIwasinc泫ollege,butitwasverSheny,veryclearlooking瞍backwards10yearslaZuoter.Again,youcan't迈connectthedotslookZuoingforward.Youcano?nlyconnectthemlookSheningbackwards,soyou havetotrustthattheZuodotswillsomehowcon锁nectinyourfuture.YZuoouhavetotrustinsom叔ething--yourgut,deQianstiny,life,karma,w潇hatever--becausebe lievingthatthedots willconnectdowntheWoroadwillgiveyouthe confidencetofollowやyourheart,evenwhen itleadsyouofftheweKaoll-wornpath,andtha填twillmakeallthedifShiference.   当然,我在大Xue里不廴可能从这一点上看到它与将来的关   Xi。十窒年之后再回头看,两者之间关系就非Chang、邓非常清楚了。你们同样不可能从现在这Ge踝点上看到将来;只有回头看时,才会发现 Ta们之间的关系。所以你必须相信,那些刻点Dian滴滴,会在你未来的生命里,以某种?方式Chuan联起来。你必须相信一些东西--妒你的勇Qi、宿命、生活、因缘,随便什么缚--因为Xiang信这些点滴能够一路连接会给 你带来循从Ben觉的自信,它使你走离平凡栩,变得与众不Tong。   MysecondsгtoryisaboutloveandZuoloss.Iwaslucky.Ifo?undwhatIlovedtodoeYiarlyinlife.WozandI殳startedAppleinmypaZuorents'garagewhenIw缺astwenty.WeworkedhZuoardandintenyears,A马pplehadgrownfromju『stthetwoofusinagarZuoageintoa$2billionc,ompanywithover4,00„0employees.We'djus treleasedourfinestZuocreation,theMacint椎osh,ayearearlier,aXiongndI'djustturnedthi rty,andthenIgotfirNieed.Howcanyougetfir锉edfromacompanyyousXiangtarted?Well,asAppl揣egrew,wehiredsomeoWeinewhoIthoughtwasve胀rytalentedtorunthe companywithme,andfRenorthefirstyearorso育,thingswentwell.BuZuotthenourvisionsoft莴hefuturebegantodivZhi   erge,andeventuallyWenwehadafallingout.W henwedid,ourboardoZuofdirectorssidedwit hhim,andsoatthirtyZuo,Iwasout,andverypu佣bliclyout.WhathadbQiangeenthefocusofmyent胺ireadultlifewasgonLiue,anditwasdevastat具ing.Ireallydidn'tkZuonowwhattodoforafew?months.IfeltthatIhZuoadletthepreviousge痞nerationofentrepreShengneursdown,thatIhad蕻droppedthebatonasiPutwasbeingpassedtom瘀e.ImetwithDavidPac kardandBobNoyceandBitriedtoapologizefo搀rscrewingupsobadlyZuo.Iwasaverypublicfa ilureandIeventhougZuohtaboutrunningaway玩fromthevalley.ButsZuoomethingslowlybega歹ntodawnonme.Istill lovedwhatIdid.ThetǖurnofeventsatAppleZuohadnotchangedthato滴nebit.I'dbeenrejecSutedbutIwasstillinl赵ove.AndsoIdecidedt ostartover.   Di二个故事是 关于爱与失的。我很幸运。很Zao就发现自矢己喜欢做的事情。我二十岁的时Hou就和沃吵茨在父母的车库里开创了苹果公司。Wo们秀工作得很努力,十年后,苹果公司成长Wei江拥有四千名员工,价值二十亿的大公司。Zuo我们只是推出   了最好的创意,MacinXutosh操作系统,在这之前的一年,也 Jiu是我刚过三十岁,我被解雇了。你怎么※可Neng被一个亲手创立的公司解雇?事情是 这样De,在公司成长期间,雇佣了一个我樯们认为Fei常聪明,可以和我一起经营公司决的人。一Nian后,我们对公司未来的看法产痕生分歧,董Shi会站在了他的一边。于是,呒在我三十岁的Shi候,我出局了,很公开地清出局了。我整个Cheng年生活的焦点没了,这颔很要命。一开始的Ji个月我真的不知道该,干什么。我觉得我让Gong司的前一代创建者踹们失望了,我把传给我De权杖给弄丢了。韪我与戴维德-帕珂德和鲍Bo-诺埃斯见面坛,试图为这彻头彻尾的失败Dao歉。我败得少如此之惨以至于我想要逃离这Er。有个东麋西在慢慢地叫醒我。我还爱着我Cong事的行钕业。这次失败一点儿都没有改变这Yi点。哇我被逐了,但我仍爱着。我决定重新Kai始,。   Ididn'tseeitthenZuo,butitturnedouttha仃tgettingfiredfromAKuapplewasthebestthin智gthatcouldhaveeverYanhappenedtome.Thehe睨avinessofbeingsuccZuoessfulwasreplacedb桐ythelightnessofbei ngabeginneragain,l esssureabouteverytZuohing.Itfreedmetoen?teroneofthemostcreZuoativeperiodsinmyli豸fe.DuringthenextfiKuaveyearsIstartedaco涞mpanynamedNeXT,anoXithercompanynamedPi剧   xarandfellinlovewiShuthanamazingwomanwh楞owouldbecomemywifeZuo.Pixarwentontocrea挽tetheworld'sfirstcZuoomputer-animatedfe迭aturefilm,"ToyStor y,"andisnowthemost successfulanimatioZhinstudiointheworld.   Dang时我没有看出来,但事实证明“被苹果瑶开Chu”是发生在我身上最好的事。成功的锢重担Bei重新起步的轻松替代,对任何事情я都不再Te别看重。这让我感觉如此自由, 进入一生Zhong最有创造力的阶段。接下来的睥五年,我创Li了一个叫NeXT的公司,Υ接着又建立了Pixar,Ran后与后来成舜为我妻子的女人相爱。PixarChu品了屎世界第一个电脑动画电影:“玩具总Dong员 ”,现在它已经是世界最成功的动画制Zuo昏工作室了。   InaremarkablZuoeturnofevents,Appl箅eboughtNeXTandIretZuournedtoAppleandthe戟technologywedeveloCupedatNeXTisatthehe artofApple'scurrenZuotrenaissance,andLo reneandIhaveawondeZuorfulfamilytogether龌.   Zai一系列的成功运转后,苹果收购了咯NeXT,Wo又回到了苹果。我们在Ne捻XT开发的技Shu在苹果的复兴中起了核心郯作用,另外劳琳He我组建了一个幸福的家Ο庭。   I'mprettysurenoGongneofthiswouldhaveh忙   appenedifIhadn'tbeJienfiredfromApple.I匠twasawful-tastingmZuoedicinebutIguessth巢epatientneededlifeChang'sgoingtohityouint雎heheadwithabrick.D on'tlosefaith.I'mc onvincedthattheonlMaoythingthatkeptmegoㄦingwasthatIlovedwh atIdid.You'vegotto,findwhatyoulove,an,dthatisastrueforwo rkasitisforyourlovZuoers.Yourworkisgoin乙gtofillalargepartoRongfyourlife,andtheon蛤lywaytobetrulysatiZuosfiedistodowhatyou名believeisgreatworkMai,andtheonlywaytodo greatworkistolovewShahatyoudo.Ifyouhave祉n'tfoundityet,keepZuolooking,anddon'tse琥ttle.Aswithallmatt ersoftheheart,you'?llknowwhenyoufindiDiant,andlikeanygreatr elationshipitjustg?etsbetterandbetterHuoastheyearsrollon.S okeeplooking.Don'tChisettle.   我非常确信,如Guo我没 有被苹果炒掉,这些就都不会发生。Zhe个堇药的味道太糟了,但是我想病人需要它。Hun有些时候,生活会给你迎头一棒。不要丧骑Shi信心。我确信唯一让我一路走下来的是 我Dui自己所做事情的热爱。你必须去找你退热爱De东西,对工作如此,对你的爱人也撩是这样De。工作会占据你   生命中很大的一 Bu分,你只有相信自己做的是伟大的工作蝣,Ni才能怡然自得。如果你还没有找到,蔗那么Jiu继续找,不要停。全心全意地找,璧当你找Dao时,你会知道的。就像任何真诚ㄆ的关系,Sui着时间的流逝,只会越来越紧 密。所以继Xu找,不要停。   Mythi污rdstoryisaboutdeatZaoh.WhenIwas17Ireada quotethatwentsometLinhinglike"Ifyoulive掸eachdayasifitwasyoPaourlast,somedayyou' llmostcertainlyberZuoight."Itmadeanimpr指essiononme,andsincZuoethen,forthepast33亏years,IhavelookediJinnthemirroreverymor缃ningandaskedmyselfZuo,"Iftodaywerethela皓stdayofmylife,woulZuodIwanttodowhatIamaあbouttodotoday?"AndZuowhenevertheanswerh asbeen"no"fortoomaZuonydaysinarow,Iknow Ineedtochangesomet hing.RememberingthZuoatI'llbedeadsoonis themostimportantthZuoingI'veeverencount圮eredtohelpmemakethZuoebigchoicesinlife,洱becausealmosteveryMeithing--allexternal蒸expectations,allprZuoide,allfearofembar剪rassmentorfailure-Xue-thesethingsjustfa仨llawayinthefaceofd?   eath,leavingonlywhZuoatistrulyimportant钲.RememberingthatyoZuouaregoingtodieisth罡ebestwayIknowtoavoZuoidthetrapofthinkin低gyouhavesomethingtMiolose.Youarealread牌ynaked.ThereisnoreZhongasonnottofollowyou rheart.   Wo的第三个故事关于死不亡。我十七岁的时候Du到过一句话“如果 你把每一天都当作最后Yi天过,有一天你龋会发现你是正确的”。这Ju话给我留下了弄深刻的印象。从那以后,过Qu的三十三年馐,每天早上我都会对着镜子问Zi己:“如醐果今天是我的最后一天,我会不Hui做我想搋做的事情呢?”当答案持续否定一Xie次数骊后,我知道我需要改变一些东西了。Ti醒鬓自己就要死了是我遇见的最大的帮助,Bang 我作了生命中的大决定。因为几乎任何事Zuo——所有的荣耀、骄傲、对难堪和失败的 Kong惧——在死亡面前都会消隐,留下真正总重Yao的东西。提醒自己就要死亡是我知道蒯的最Hao的方法,用来避开担心失去某些东饔西的陷Zuo。你已经赤裸裸了,没有理由不樗听从于自Ji的心愿。   aboutaye arago,IwasdiagnoseZuodwithcancer.Ihadas唰canat7:30inthemornHuiinganditclearlysho子wedatumoronmypancrZuoeas.Ididn'tevenkno乩   wwhatapancreaswas.TiThedoctorstoldmeth iswasalmostcertain?lyatypeofcancerthaWeitisincurable,andth昊atIshouldexpecttolνivenolongerthanthrZuoeetosixmonths.Mydo ctoradvisedmetogohZuoomeandgetmyaffairsピinorder,whichisdocYuantors'codefor"prepa埚retodie."Itmeansto tryandtellyourkidsCaoeverythingyouthoug歃htyou'dhavethenext tenyearstotellthemZuo,injustafewmonths.蔷ItmeanstomakesuretZuohateverythingisbut tonedupsothatitwilFalbeaseasyaspossibl鼽eforyourfamily.ItmZuoeanstosayyourgoodb乖yes.   Da约一年前,我被诊断出患了齄癌症。我早上Qi点半作了扫描,清楚地显 示在我的胰腺有Yi个肿瘤。我当时都不知鼙道胰腺是什么东西。Yi生们告诉我这几乎拓是无法治愈的,还有三Dao六个月的时间。蛉我的医生建议我回家,整Li一切。在医生 的辞典中,这就是“准备死Wang”的意思。 就是意味着把要对你小孩说十Nian的话在几培个月内说完;意味着把所有东西Gao定,尽锵量让你的家庭活得轻松一点;意味Zhuo你要蠢说“永别”了。   IlivedwithKuangthatdiagnosisallda坯y.Laterthatevening   Ihadabiopsywhereth eystuckanendoscopeJuandownmythroat,throu ghmystomachintomyiZuontestines,putaneed承leintomypancreasan dgotafewcellsfromtZuohetumor.Iwassedate?dbutmywife,whowast here,toldmethatwhe ntheyviewedthecellZuosunderamicroscope,梨thedoctorstartedcrZuoying,becauseitturn广edouttobeaveryrare formofpancreaticcaZuoncerthatiscurablew巯ithsurgery.IhadtheDaosurgeryand,thankfu扁lly,Iamfinenow.   Wo整胂日都想着那诊断书的事情。后来有天晚Shang掩我做了一个活切片检查,他们将一个内窥Que镜伸进我的喉咙,穿过胃,到达肠道,用弈Yi根针在我的胰腺肿瘤上取了几个细胞。矜我Dang时是被麻醉的,但是我的妻子告诉我 ,那Xie医生在显微镜下看到细胞的时候开砻始尖叫,Yin为发现这竟然是一种非常罕见溜的可用手术Zhi愈的胰腺癌症。我做了手术蠖,现在,我痊Yu了。   Thiswast?heclosestI'vebeentYeofacingdeath,andIh opeit'stheclosestIZuogetforafewmoredeca砟des.Havinglivedthr?oughit,IcannowsaytZuohistoyouwithabitmo饮recertaintythanwheChundeathwasausefulbu筢tpurelyintellectuaDu   lconcept.NoonewantListodie,evenpeoplew。howanttogotoHeavenエdon'twanttodietoge(tthere,andyet,deat histhedestinationw eallshare.NoonehasZuoeverescapedit.Andt?hatisasitshouldbe,Aibecausedeathisvery likelythesinglebes,tinventionoflife.IZuot'slife'schangeage逮nt;itclearsouttheoGaildtomakewayforthen终ew.rightnow,thenewKuisyou.Butsomeday,n ottoolongfromnow,yZuoouwillgraduallybec镔ometheoldandbeclea redaway.SorrytobesChouodramatic,butit'sq茴uitetrue.YourtimeiAislimited,sodon'twa steitlivingsomeoneZuoelse'slife.Don'tbe trappedbydogma,whiZuochislivingwithther谗esultsofotherpeoplāe'sthinking.Don'tlZuoetthenoiseofothers堕'opinionsdrownoutyZuoourowninnervoice,h橡eartandintuition.T heysomehowalreadykYunowwhatyoutrulywan豆ttobecome.EverythiZuongelseissecondary.   Zhe是我最接近死亡的时候,我也希望是值我未Lai几十年里最接近死亡的一次。这次莳死里逃Sheng让我比以往只知道死亡是   一个有戒Yong而纯粹书面概念的时候更确信地告诉你タ们,Mei有人愿意死,即使那些想上天堂的窖人们也Bu愿意通过死亡来达到他们的目的椒。但是死Wang是每个人共同的终点,没有人毳能够逃脱。Ye应该如此,因为死亡很可能 是生命最好的Fa明。它去陈让新。现在,谝你们就是“新”。Dan是有一天,不用太久塌,你们有会慢慢变老Ran后死去。抱歉,这硭很戏剧性,但却是真的。Ni们的时间是有 限的,不要浪费在重复别人De生活上。不咸要被教条束缚,那意味着会和Bie人思考的葸结果一块儿生活。不要被其他人De喧嚣观 点掩盖自己内心真正的声音。你的Zhi觉和裁内心知道你想要变成什么样子。所有Qi他婆东西都是次要的。   WhenIwasyJuoung,therewasanama桦zingpublicationcalZuoledTheWholeEarthCa噎talogue,whichwasonYangeofthebiblesofmygeぁneration.ItwascreaZuotedbyafellownamedS查tuartBrandnotfarfrもomhereinMenloPark,Guandhebroughtittoli布fewithhispoetictouZuoch.Thiswasinthelat扌eSixties,beforeper sonalcomputersandd esktoppublishing,sYunoitwasallmadewitht旖ypewriters,scissorZuos,andPolaroidcamer绵as.itwassortoflikeZuoGoogleinpaperbackf ormthirty-fiveyearYunsbeforeGooglecamea鲞   long.ItwasidealistChengic,overflowingwith比neattoolsandgreatnZuootions.Stuartandhi铋steamputoutseveralZuoissuesoftheTheWhol eEarthCatalogue,anZuodthenwhenithadruni?tscourse,theyputouTatafinalissue.Itwas themid-Seventiesan】dIwasyourage.onthe backcoveroftheirfi nalissuewasaphotogWuraphofanearlymorni悻ngcountryroad,thekXiaindyoumightfindyou琏rselfhitchhikingonZuoifyouweresoadventu弄rous.BeneathwerethXiaoewords,"Stayhungry裕,stayfoolish."ItwaZuostheirfarewellmess织ageastheysignedoffLuo."Stayhungry,stayf蛋oolish."AndIhavealYuwayswishedthatform劫yself,andnow,asyouZuograduatetobeginane球w,Iwishthatforyou.PuStayhungry,stayfoo?lish.   Wo年轻的时候,有一份叫做“完整地球目录”De好杂志,痉   是我们这一讴代人的圣Jing之一。它是一个叫斯纠华特-绦布兰得,住Zai离这不远的曼罗公园的家伙铒创立的。他用Shi一般的触觉将这份杂志带啭到世界。那是六Shi年代后期,个人电脑出乎现之前,所以这份Za志全是用打字机、剪燮刀和偏光镜制作的。You点像软皮包装的g孚oogle,不过却早Liao三十五年。它理逖想主   义,全文充Chi着灵巧的工具和伟大的?想法。斯纠华特和Ta的小组出版了几期“蜿完整地球目录”,在Wan成使命之前,他们锉出版了最后一期。那是Qi十年代中期,我悌和你们差不多大。最后一Qi的封底是一张 清晨乡村小路的照片,如果Ni有冒险精神怏,可以自己找到这条路。下面You一句话, “保持饥饿,保持愚蠢”。这是Ta们的告空别语,“保持饥饿,保持愚蠢”。Wo常以捩此勉励自己。现在,在你们即将踏上Xin旅廑程的时候,我也希望你们能这样。保持Ji,饿,保持愚蠢。   ThankyoualCangl,verymuch.   非常感Xie。   

乔布斯斯坦福演讲稿

  乔布斯斯坦福演讲稿     【Pian一:乔布斯斯坦福演讲稿】   谢谢Da家。很荣幸能和你们~来自世界最好大学之Yi的毕业生们~一块儿参加毕业典礼。老实说~Wo大学没有毕业~今天恐怕是我一生中离大学Bi业最近的一次了。今天~我想告诉大家来自Wo生活的三个故事。不是长篇大论~只是三个Gu事而已。   第一个故事~如何串连Sheng命中的点滴。   我在里得大学读了Liu个月就退学了~但是在十八个月之后我真正Tui学之前~我还常去学校。为何我要选择退学Ne,这还得淘从我出生之前说起。我晃的生母Shi一个年轻、未衷婚的大学毕业生~她决酮定Rang别人收养我。她有巷一个很强烈的信仰~认Zha为我应该被一个大学毕友业生家庭收养。于Shi~遭一对律师夫妇说好了要阀领养我~然而Zui后一秒侥钟~他们改变了主意~甄决定要个Nv孩儿。然后翰我的排在收养人名单中西的养Fu母在一个深夜接掉到电话~"很意外~我次Men多了一个男婴~你们汝要吗,""当然要:"Xu但是我的生母后来又发汞现我的养母没有大Xue毕玄业~养父连高中都没有诫毕业。她拒绝Zai领养书毡上签字。几个月后~我萄的养父母Bao证会让我上琉大学~她妥协了。   Yan这是我生命的开端。十苏七年后~我上大学Liao~亨但是我   很无知地选了一担所差Bu多和斯坦福一样讼贵的校学~几乎花掉我逸Na蓝领阶层养父母一生踢的积蓄。六个月后~Wo辰觉得不值得。我看不出群自己以后要做什Me~也删不晓得大学会怎样帮我室指点津~而Wo却在花销矣父母一生的积蓄。所以营我决定Tui学~并且相信刃没有做错。一开始非常辱吓Ren~但回忆起来~这誊却是我一生中作的最好Song的决定之一。   从我鳖退学的那一Ke起~我可芽以停止一切不感兴趣的地必修课~Kai始旁听那些葱有意思得多的课。事情电并不Na么美好。我没有逾宿舍可住~睡在朋友房荒Jian的地上。为了吃饭~崭我收集五分一个的旧Ke斟乐瓶~每个星期天晚步负行七英里到哈尔Ke里什湃纳庙里改善一下一周的怒伙食。我喜Huan这种生活旱方式。能够遵循自己的眷好奇和Zhi觉前行后来被炮证明是多么的珍贵。让犹我Lai给你们举个例子吧胸。当时的里得大学提供Jiao可能是全国最好的书法移指导。校园中每一Zhang海莎报~抽屉上的每一张标疵签~都是漂亮De手写体锭。由于我已退学~不用垣修那些必Xiu课~我决定绒选一门书法课上上。在涤这门Ke上~我学会了"诌serif"和san聪s-serifLiang种字感体、学会了怎样在不同岭的字母组合Zhong改变字间瑞距、学会了怎样写出好肉的字来Zhe是一种科学无铃法捕捉的微妙~楚楚动意人、Chong满历史底蕴和艺耘术性~我觉得自己被完雍Quan吸引了。   当时我怠并不指望书法Zai以后的宝生活中能有什么实用价拯值。但是~Shi年之后~椅我们在设计第一台   凌MacintoshJi燥算机时~它一下子浮现娃在我眼前。于是~Wo们矗把这些东西全都设计进戍了计算机中。Zhe是第一拘台有这么漂亮的文字版充式的计算Ji。要不是我胰当初在大学里偶然选了谦这么Yi门课~Maci削ntosh   计Suan机扎绝不会有那么多种印刷他字体或间距安Pai合理的端字号。要不是搬了Ma谣cintosh~Ge人浸电脑可能不会有这些字潮体和字号。要Bu是退了就学~我决不会碰巧选了剁这门书法Ke~个人电脑什也可能不会有现在这些令漂亮De版式了。   当糟然~我在大学里不Ke能陵从这一点上看到它与将践来的关系。不Guan你现在陆学习的对于将来有没有厦用~兴趣Ye好~应用也炸好~十年之后再回头看挪~两Zhe之间关系就非常抗、非常清楚了。   Ni冻们同样不可能从现在这谐个点上看到将来,Zhi有绰回头看时~才会发现它遣们之间的关系。Suo以你膘必须相信~那些点点滴曹滴~会在你Wei来的生命啼里~以某种方式串联起炉来。你Bi须相信一些东宫西你的勇气、宿命、生痘活、Yin缘~随便什么因宾为相信这些点滴能够一压Lu连接会给你带来循从罢本觉的自信~它使你Zou脑离平凡~变得与众不同菜。   第Er个故事是关于爱扒与失的。   我很Xing运骋。很早就发现自己喜欢品做的事情。我Er十岁的颊时候就和沃茨在父母的纯车库里开Chuang了苹果公司絮。我们工作得很努力~译十年Hou~苹果公司成长陕为拥有四千名员工~   Jia箍值二十亿的大公司。我宅们只是推出了最Hao的创酶意Macintosh晾操作系统~Zai这之前的创一年~也就是我刚过三瞒十岁~Wo被解雇了。你橇怎么可能被一个亲手创形立De公司解雇,事情是痉这样的~在公司成长期Zhang间~雇佣了一个我们认镇为非常聪明~可以He我歼一起经营公司的人。一沦年后~我们对Gong司未来薄的看法产生分歧~董事拖会站在了Ta的一边。于欺是~在我三十岁的时候种~我Chu局了~很公开地灯出局了。我整个成年生缘Huo的焦点没了~这很要惠命。一开始的几个月Wo捆真的不知道该干什么。房我觉得我让公司De前一谣代创建者们失望了~我斟把传给我的Quan杖给弄丢层了。我与戴维德帕珂德胀和鲍勃Nuo埃斯见面~试祟图为这彻头彻尾的失败败道Qian。我败得如此之惨牡以至于我想要逃离这儿Zhou。   有些东西在呼唤逝我:我还爱Zhuo我从事的寻行业。这次失败一点儿强都没有Gai变这一点。我蟹被逐了~但我仍爱着。卖我Jue定重新开始。当时帜我没有看出来~但事实Yi证明"被苹果开除"是奋发生在我身上最好De事越。成功的重担被重新起耶步的轻松替代~Ren何事嗅情都不再特别看重。这磅让我感觉如Ci自由~进旱入一生中最有创造力的崎阶段。Jie下来的五年~损我创立了一个叫NeX宅TDe公司~接着又建立庚Pixar~然后与后Yan来成为我妻子的女人相弦爱。Pixar出Pin了讶世界第一个电脑动画电粟影:"玩具总Dong员"~圾现在它已经是世界最成执功的动画Zhi作工作室了耀。在一系列的成功运转悠后~Ping果收购了NeX寸T我又回到   了苹Guo。我幌们在NeXT开发的技菠术在苹果的Fu兴中起了藻核心作用~另外劳琳和闲我组建Liao一个幸福的家筐庭。   我非常确信~Jiao如果我没有被苹果炒掉访~这些就都不会发Sheng。难这个药的味道太糟了~唯但是我想病人Xu要它。窍有些时候~生活会给你楷迎头一棒。Bu要丧失信隐心。我确信唯一让我一裔路走下Lai的是我对自己以所做事情的热爱。你必谓须Qu找你热爱的东西~涪对工作如此~对你的爱Hu人也是这样的。工作会趟占据你生命中很大De一辙部分~你只有相信自几缘做的是伟大的Gong作~你僻才能怡然自得。如果你院还没有找Dao~那么就继羡续找~不要停。全心全持意地Zhao~当你找到时~庸你会知道的。就像任何援Zhen诚   的关系~随着西时间的流逝~Zhi会越来监越紧密。所以继续找~蔗不要停。   Wo的第三个故淫事关于死亡。   我十Lei七岁的时候读到过一句域话"如果你把每一Tian都样当作最后一天过~有一蕾天你会发现你Shi正确的驳"。这句话给我留下了窒深刻的印Xiang。从那以后脉~过去的三十三年~每狸天早Shang我都会对着镜子袖问自己:"如果今天是形Wo的最后一天~我会不窍会做我想做的事情呢,Xun"当答案持续否定一些宦次数后~我知道我Xu要桑改变一些东西了。提醒屁自己就要死了Shi我遇见幼的最大的帮助~帮我作圭了生命中De大决定。因潘为几乎任何事--所有傈的荣Yao、骄傲、对难堪所和失败的恐惧--在死浸Wang面   前都会消隐~留下方真正重要的   Dong西。虎提醒自己就要死亡是我嘻知道的最好De方法~用酉来避开担心失去某些东仁西的陷Zuo。你已经赤裸刑裸了~没有理由不听从伸于Zi己的心愿。   大姥约一年前~我被Zhen断出别患了癌症。我早上七点衅半作了扫描~Qing楚地显膘示在我的胰腺有一个肿跟瘤。我当Shi都不知道腺手是什么东西。医生们告以诉我Zhe几乎是无法治愈嘻的~还有三到六个月的旗Shi间。我的医生建议我争回家~整理一切。在Yi态生的辞典中~这就是"姆准备死亡"的意Si。就珠是意味着把要对你小孩短说十年的话Zai几个月内腿说完,意味着把所有东节西搞定~Jin量让你的家肇庭活得轻松一点,意味主着你Yao说"永别"了。幸   我整日都想着Na诊吮断书的事情。后来有天予晚上我做了一Ge活切片汹检查~他们将一个内窥汞镜伸进我De喉咙~穿过于胃~到达肠道~用一根钩针在Wo的胰腺肿瘤上取亚了几个细胞。我当时是钥Bei麻醉的~但是我的妻夷子告诉我~那些医生Zai烫显微镜下看到细胞的时犬候开始尖叫~因Wei发现况这竟然是一种非常罕见计的可用手术Zhi愈的胰腺睬癌症。我做了手术~现茵在~我Quan愈了。   这吃是我最接近死亡的时Hou阎~我也希望是我未来几殆十年里最接近死Wang的一樱次。这次死里逃生让我很比以往只知Dao死亡是一低个有用而纯粹书面概念矫的时候Geng确信地告诉你景们~   没有人愿意死~Ji捻使那些想上天堂的人们碟也不愿意通过死Wang来达渺到他们的目的。但是死宵亡是每个人Gong同的终点搓~没有人能够逃脱。也断应该如Ci~因为死亡很佰可能是生命最好的发明术。Ta陈让新。现在~你饯们就是"新"。但是有Yuan一天~不用太久~你们舆有会慢慢变老~然Hou死浙去。抱歉~这很戏剧性栈~但却是真的。Ni们的妮时间是有限的~不要浪布费在重复别Ren的生活上捅。不要被教条束缚~那萤意味着Hui和别人思考的蹿结果一块儿生活。不   Yao 要被其他人的喧嚣观宰点掩盖自己内心真Zheng的乙声音。你的直觉和内心匝知道你想要变Cheng什么样矫子。所有其他东西都是谅次要的。   Wo年轻的摊时候~有一份叫做"完甚整地球目Lu"的好杂志桂~是我们这一代人的圣札经之Yi。它是一个叫斯叉纠华布兰得住在离这不猿Yuan的曼罗公园的家伙创姚立的。他用诗一般的Chu野觉将这份杂志带到世界缸。那是六十年代Hou期~坍个人电脑出现之前~所埔以这份杂志Quan是用打字刊机、剪刀和偏光镜制作簿的。有Dian像软皮包装的烽Google~不过却三早Liao三十五年。它理想洽主义~全文充斥着灵巧Xie的工具和伟大的想法。吨斯纠华特和他的小Zu出墒版了几期"完整地球目芋录"~在完成Shi命之前秦~他们出版了最后一期趟。那是七Shi年代中期~忻我和你们差不多大。最庇后一Qi的封底是一张清脊晨乡村小路的照片~如匝Guo你有冒险精神~   廉可以自己找到这Tiao路。一下面有一句话~"求知奄若渴~虚心Ruo谷"。这邢是他们的告别语~"求拯知若渴~Xu心若   我怜常以此勉励自己。现在Zhan~在你们即将踏上新旅因程的时候~我也希Wang你心们能这样。   求知若渴~哀虚Xin若谷。   【篇二犹:乔布斯在斯坦Fu大学俞毕业典礼上的演讲】   哺 Shi蒂夫乔布斯今年6悄月在斯坦福大学的演讲Bin中谈到了他生活中的三乙次体验~这三次体Yan不汛仅在斯坦福大学的毕业黄生、也在硅谷Nai至其他枪地方的技术同行中引起秘了巨大反Xiang。尤其Th盈eWholeEart陈hCatalogTi到头的话~作为杂志~这是违一种精神~一Zhong气质。茬   "好学若饥、谦卑若愚Jue"   很荣幸和大家一吱道参加这所Shi界上最好船的一座大学的毕业典礼姬。我大Xue没毕业~说实葬话~这是我第一次离大政学Bi业典礼这么近。今泄天我想给大家讲三个我Mao自己的故事~不讲别的哺~也不讲大道理~Jiu讲等三个故事。   第一个鞘故事讲De是点与点之间粱的关系。我在里德学院耸只Du了六个月就退学了惕~此后便在学校里旁听Dian~又过了大约一年半~齐我彻底离开。那么~Wo新为什么退学呢,这得从否我出生前讲起。Wo的生燥母是一名年轻的未婚在疽校研究生~Ta决定将我真送给别人收养。她非常幽希望收Yang我的是有大学痉学历的人~所以把一切永都An排好了~我一出生肆就交给一对   律Shi夫妇收错养。没想到我落地的霎式那间~那Dui夫妇却决定阀收养一名女孩。就这样关~我De养父母?当时他芽们还在登记册上排队等剃Zhu呢?半夜三更接到一井个电话:"我们这儿You罗一个没人要的男婴~你债们要么,""当Ran要"蛆他们回答。但是~我的众生母后来发Xian我的养母雪不是大学毕业生~我的空养父甚Zhi连中学都没有目毕业~所以她拒绝在最厌后De收养文件上签字。妖不过~没过几个月她就Zao心软了~因为我的养父牧母许诺日后一定送Wo上办大学。   17年后~要我真的Jin了大学。当时拧我很天真~选了一所学醚费Ji乎和斯坦福大学一址样昂贵的学校~当工人Jiao的养父母倾其所有的积逾蓄为我支付了大学Xue费阵。读了六个月后~我却中看不出上学有Shi么意义异。我既不知道自己这一易生想干什Me~也不知道坷大学是否能够帮我弄明务白自Ji想干什么。这时非~我就要花光父母一辈煽Zi节省下来的钱了。所殖以~我决定退学~并Qie肯坚信日后会证明我这样爆做是对的。当年Zuo出这肝个决定时心里直打鼓~教但现在回想Qi来~这还贡真是我有生以来做出的阑最好的Jue定之一。从退凶学那一刻起~我就可以烧不Zai选那些我毫无兴趣距的必修课~开始旁听一Xian些看上去有意思的课。槛那些日子一点儿都Bu浪昏漫。我没有宿舍~只能窥睡在朋友房间De地板上愿。我去退还可乐瓶~用隋那五分钱De押金来买吃瘩的。每个星期天晚上我想都要Zou七英里~到城那殖头的黑尔,科里施纳礼省Bai堂去~吃每周才能享挤用一次的   美Can。我喜欢墨这样。我凭著好奇心和斜直觉所Gan的这些事情~钳有许多后来都证明是无匈价Zhi宝。我给大家举个却例子:当时~里德学院Lei的书法课大概是全国最袁好的。校园里所有De公六告栏和每个抽屉标签上捕的字都写得非Chang漂亮。靳当时我已经退学~不用谢正常上课~Suo以我决定雇选一门书法课~学学怎祥么写好Zi。我学习写带履短截线和不带短截线的鸦印Shua字体~根据不同字顶母组合调整其间距~以Jing及怎样把版式调整得好苍上加好。这门课太Bang了粒~既有历史价值~又有束艺术造诣~这Yi点科学虏就做不到~而我觉得它岁妙不可言。   Dang时我倘并不指望书法在以后的惑生活中能有Shi么实用价墓值。但是~十年之后~敲我们在She计第一台Ma呈cintosh计算机涨时~Ta一下子浮现在我滞眼前。于是~我们把这嘲Xie东西全都设计进了计壁算机中。这是第一台You絮这么漂亮的文字版式的蹦计算机。要不是Wo当初敷在大学里偶然选了这么客一门课~MacintSheosh计算机绝不会有拧那么多种印刷字体Huo间悼距安排合理的字号。要永不是WindowsZhao寒搬了Macintos艺h~个人电脑可Neng不会你有这些字体和字号。要澈不是退了学~Wo决不   雷 会碰巧选了这门书法卉Ke~个人电脑也可能不买会有现在这些漂亮的Ban窟式了。当然~我在大学烟里不可能从这一Dian上看援到它与将来的关系。十霄年之后再回Tou看~两者男之间的关系就非常、非巢常清楚Liao。你们同样不掩可能从现在这个点上看引到Jiang来,只有回头看时昭~才会发现它们之间的Chi关系。所   以~要相信这镜些点迟早Hui连接到一起呐。你们必须信赖某些东垄西?Zhi觉、归宿、生命嘘~还有业力~等等。这搏Yang做从来没有让我的希蚊望落空过~而且还彻Di荣改变了我的生活。   账我的第二Ge故事是关于裔好恶与得失。幸运的是迈~我Zai很小的时候就发盎现自己喜欢做什么。我只Zai20岁时和沃兹在我嗅父母的车库里办起了Ping遁果公司。我们干得很卖庶力~十年后~苹Guo公司蚤就从车库里我们两个人肯发展成为一Ge拥有20医亿元资产、4~000霖名员工De大企业。那时淑~我们刚刚推出了我们前最Hao的产品?Maci芋ntosh电脑?那是Ai在第9年~我刚满30牌岁。可后来~我被Jie雇丛了。你怎么会被自己办涯的公司解雇呢,Shi这样乔~随著苹果公司越做越俏大~我们聘Liao一位我认谷为非常有才华的人与我法一道管Li公司。在开始副的一年多里~一切都很仓顺Li。可是~随后我俩堰对公司前景的看法开始Qu出现分歧~最后我俩反汛目了。这时~董事Hui站呵在了他那一边~所以在届30岁那年~Wo离开了痈公司~而且这件事闹得表满城风雨。Wo成年后的臻整个生活重心都没有了逸~这使Wo心力交瘁。一捶连几个月~我真的不知狱道Ying该怎么办。我感到剐自己给老一代的创业者Xu丢了脸?因为我扔掉了隧交到自己手里的接Li棒拦。我去见了戴维,帕卡箩德和鲍勃,诺Yi斯~想渭为把事情搞得这么糟糕要说声道歉。Zhe次失败弄羔得沸沸扬扬的~我甚至隐想过逃Li硅谷。但是~琉渐渐地~我开始有了一语个Xiang法?我仍然热爱我愿过去做的一切。在苹果Zhan公司发生   的这些风波丝匝毫没有改Bian这一点。我漫虽然被拒之门外~但我据仍然Shen爱我的事业。于畜是~我决定从头开始。顿   Sui然当时我并没有奉意识到~但事实证明~治Bei苹果公司炒鱿鱼是我斟一生中碰到的最好的Shi炬情。尽管前景未卜~但游从头开始的轻松Gan取代咏了保持成功的沉重感。遇这使我进入Liao一生中最扔富有创造力的时期之一涡。在此Hou的五年里~我丰开了一家名叫NeXT席的Gong司和一家叫皮克斯酮的公司~我还爱上一位Ju了不起的女人~后来娶饱了她。皮克斯公司Tui出怕了世界上第一部用电脑携制作的动画片《Wan具总亡动员》~它现在是全球笔最成功的动Hua制作室。冻世道轮回~苹果公司买恭下NeXTHou~我又回镜到了苹果公司~我们在昭NeXTGong司开发的技遍术成了苹果公司这次重铱新崛Qi的核心。我和劳令伦娜也建立了美满的家急Ting。   我确信~如果拨不是被苹果公Si解雇~浮这一切决不可能发生。累这是一剂Ku药~可我认勃为苦药利于病。有时生斑活会Dang头给你一棒~但晒不要灰心。我坚信让我蝴Yi往无前的唯一力量就暂是我热爱我所做的一Qie叶。所以~一定得知道自丑己喜欢什么~选Ze爱人碍时如此~选择工作时同丙样如此。工Zuo将是生活糖中的一大部分~让自己澎真正满Yi的唯一办法~斡是做自己认为是有意义储的Gong作,做有意义的工怯作的唯一办法~是热爱You自己的工作。你们如果腾还没有发现自己喜Huan什暗么~那就不断地去寻找喝~不要急于做Chu决定。摸就像一切要凭著   感觉去炼Zuo的事情一样~一旦找周到了自己喜欢的事~Gan故觉就会告诉你。就像任爵何一种美妙的东Xi~历帧久弥新。所以说~要不拘断地寻找~Zhi到找到自酝己喜欢的东西。不要半陀途而废。Wo的第三个故肥事与死亡有关。17岁挡那年~Wo读到过这样一焙段话~大意是:"如果宋把Mei一天都当作生命的寓最后一天~总有一天你Weng会如愿以偿。"我记住益了这句话~从那时Qi~殉33年过去了~我每天娜早晨都对著镜Zi自问:括"假如今天是生命的最笆后一天~Wo还会去做今钓天要做的事吗,"如果协一连Xu多天我的回答都找是"不"~我知道自己闷Ying该有所改变了。   亥让我能够做出Ren生重大宙抉择的最主要办法是~染记住生命Sui时都有可能良结束。因为几乎所有的筹东西?Suo有对自身之外凌的希求、所有的尊严、开所You对困窘和失败的恐洽惧?在死亡来临时都将Ying不复存在~只剩下真正以重要的东西。记住Zi己调随时都会死去~这是我炕所知道的防止Huan得患失值的最好方法。你已经一瓢无所有了~Huan有什么理眠由不跟著自己的感觉走喘呢。   Da约一年前~潭我被诊断患了癌症。那依天早Shang七点半~我做了珠一次扫描检查~结果清本Chu地表明我的胰腺上长珍了一个瘤子~可那时Wo纫连胰腺是什么还不知道郧呢:医生告诉我Shuo~几使乎可以确诊这是一种无页法治愈的恶Xing肿瘤~我疤最多还能活3到6个月密。医生Jian议我回去把一撒切都安排好~其实这是另在An示"准备后事"。燃也就是说~把今后十年Bi要跟孩   子们说的事情在腰这几个月Nei嘱咐完,也除就是说~把一切都安排祷妥当~Jin可能不给家人锡留麻烦,也就是说~去织跟Da家诀别。   那一湍整天里~我的脑Zi一直裳没离开这个诊断。到了森晚上~我做Liao一次组织昭切片检查~他们把一个永内窥镜Tong过喉咙穿过我啃的胃进入肠子~用针头颁在Yi腺的瘤子上取了一焰些细胞组织。当时我用Ying了麻醉剂~陪在一旁的耽妻子后来告诉我~Yi生蝇在显微镜里看了细胞之啸后叫了起来~Yuan来这是粪一种少见的可以通过外比科手术治Yu的恶性肿瘤诸。我做了手术~现在好儿了。   Zhe是我和死神温离得最近的一次~我希糜望也Shi今后几十年里最亚近的一次。有了这次经摇Li之后~现在我可以更够加实在地和你们谈论Si碱亡~而不是纯粹纸上谈韵兵~那就是:谁Du不愿范意死。就是那些想进天桓堂的人也不Yuan意死后再祁进。然而~死亡是我们裕共同的Gui宿~没人能摆莲脱。我们注定会死~因窟为Si亡很可能是生命最小好的一项发明。它推进Yun生命的变迁~旧的不去可~新的不来。现在~Ni辕们就是新的~但在不久表的将来~你们也Hui逐渐奉成为旧的~也会被淘汰磊。对不起~Hua说得太过鞋分了~不过这是千真万录确的。   Ni们的时间凡都有限~所以不要按照央别人的Yi愿去活~这是短浪费时间。不要囿于成涅见~Na是在按照别人设院想的结果而活。不要让汾Bie人观点的聒噪声淹没画自己的心声。最主   Yao的溅是~要有跟著自己感觉渭和直觉走的勇Qi。无论吵如何~感觉和直觉早就街知道你到Di想成为什么侯样的人~其他都是次要膨的。   Wo年轻时有一卢本非常好的刊物~叫《旭全球Gai览》~这是我那扛代人的宝书之一~创办撅Ren名叫斯图尔特,布兰彩德~就住在离这儿不Yuan木的门洛帕克市。他用诗乳一般的语言把刊Wu办得波生动活泼。那是20世勿纪60年代Mo~还没有佳个人电脑和桌面印刷系鸳统~全Kao打字机、剪刀深和宝丽莱照相机。它就铃像Yi种纸质的Goog戎le~却比GooglChonge早问世了35年。这彻份刊物太完美了~Cha阅弊手段齐备、构思不凡。膊   斯Tu尔特和他的同汛事们出了好几期《全球亚概Lan》~到最后办不下狐去时~他们出了最后一Ce期。那是20世纪70继年代中期~我也就Shi你岿们现在的年纪。最后一黑期的封底上是Yi张清晨岂乡间小路的照片~就是欧那种爱冒Xian的人等在那秽儿搭便车的那种小路。货照片Xia面写道:好学若终饥、谦卑若愚。那是他烩Men停刊前的告别辞。   把 求知若渴~Da智若愚庸。这也是我一直想做到苍的。眼下Zheng值诸位大学樟毕业、开始新生活之际倪~我Tong样愿大家:好学儿若饥、谦卑若愚。   

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